debussy cello sonata wikipedia
Â«Â Behind the Moon-eyed MaskÂ Â». Sonatas for a solo instrument other than keyboard have been composed, as have sonatas for other combinations of instruments. 28 in A Major, Op. Although the four, five, or six movements of the sonata da chiesa are also most often in one key, one or two of the internal movements are sometimes in a contrasting tonality (Newman 1972a, 23–24). Sonata No. 2 for viola and piano, Op. He dedicated it to Claude Debussy, who had died in 1918. The usual order of the four movements was: When movements appeared out of this order they would be described as "reversed", such as the scherzo coming before the slow movement in Beethoven's 9th Symphony. Le Tombeau de Claude Debussy est une œuvre collective, commandée en 1920 par Henry Prunières, directeur de la Revue musicale, et créée l'année suivante dans le cadre des concerts de la SMI. A century after his death on 25 March 1918, many harmonia mundi artists are eager to pay tribute to Claude Debussy, the magician of melody and timbre, the great ‘colourist’ and father of modern music. Durand, in his memoirs entitled Quelques souvenirs d'un Ã©diteur de musique, wrote the following about the sonatas' origin: After his famous String Quartet, Debussy had not written any more chamber music. The first performance in France was a private one that occurred on December 10, 1916, at the home of Debussy's publisher, Jacques Durand. And that is how the idea of the six sonatas for various instruments came about.. "Paris: Debussy and Ravel â Professor Christopher Hogwood CBE (Discussion and performance of the Sonata)", International Music Score Library Project, III. 11, No. Initially the most common layout of movements was: However, two-movement layouts also occur, a practice Haydn uses as late as the 1790s. He dedicated it to Claude Debussy, who had died in 1918. The First World War, along with the composers Couperin and Rameau, inspired Debussy as he was writing the sonatas. A cello sonata is usually a sonata written for solo cello with piano accompaniment. クロード・ドビュッシーの《チェロ・ソナタ（仏語：Sonate pour violoncelle et piano）ニ短調》は、作曲者の最晩年の作品であり、「さまざまな楽器のための6つのソナタ 'Six sonates pour divers instruments '」の一部をなすものとして構想が練られた。しかしながらドビュッシーに完成することができたのは、《ヴァイオリン・ソナタ》と《フルート、ヴィオラとハープのためのソナタ》、そして本作の3曲だけであった。《チェロ・ソナタ》は1915年に作曲され、簡潔で長くないことで知られており、たいていの演奏は全曲を通しても10分強しかかからない。, セレナードと終曲はアタッカで結合されている。ドビュッシーはソナタ形式を使わずに、18世紀前半の単主題的なソナタ、とりわけフランソワ・クープランの作例の影響のもとで楽曲を構成している。教会旋法と全音音階、五音音階、イベリア的な情緒の利用が著しく、ドビュッシーの典型的な作風を示している。短いながらもチェロの幅広い演奏技巧が駆使され、左手のピチカート、スピッカート、フラウタンド奏法、ポルタメントが認められる。しごく当然のことながら、チェロのヴィルトゥオーソのために作曲された作品となっている。, https://ja.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=チェロソナタ_(ドビュッシー)&oldid=80134589. 2 (1897), Sonata in D Minor, for Cello and Piano (1913–17), Sonata for Alto Horn (or Horn or Alto Saxophone) and Piano (1943), Sonata for Violin and Piano in E-flat, Op. Six sonatas for various instruments, composed by Claude Debussy, French musician (French: Six sonates pour divers instruments, composÃ©es par Claude Debussy, musicien franÃ§ais) was a projected cycle of sonatas that was interrupted by the composer's death in 1918, after he had composed only half of the projected sonatas. First performance. We have created a browser extension. It is a staple of the modern cello repertoire and is commonly regarded as one of the finest masterpieces written for the instrument.. The Sonata for Violin and Cello (French: Sonate pour violon et violoncelle) is a composition written by Maurice Ravel from 1920 to 1922. Heinrich Schenker argued that there was an Urlinie or basic tonal melody, and a basic bass figuration. 2, for flute, viola and harp (1915) Sonata No. Compositions from the late-19th and early 20th century include three cello sonatas (including the Cello Sonata in C Minor written in 1880) by Dame Ethel Smyth (1858–1944), Edward Elgar's Cello Concerto in E minor, Claude Debussy's Sonata for Cello and Piano, and unaccompanied cello sonatas by Zoltán Kodály and Paul Hindemith. The term sonata was increasingly applied to either a work for keyboard alone (see piano sonata), or for keyboard and one other instrument, often the violin or cello. This usage would be noted by critics in the early 19th century, and it was codified into teaching soon thereafter. The Sonata for Violin and Cello ( French: Sonate pour violon et violoncelle) is a composition written by Maurice Ravel from 1920 to 1922. 39 (1893), This page was last edited on 16 July 2020, at 08:09. It was his last public performance. For the detailed form of an individual musical movement, see, For a more comprehensive list of sonatas, see, 20th-century and contemporary (c. 1910–present), Learn how and when to remove this template message, Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. According to LÃ©on Vallas (1929), Debussy initially planned this as a piece for flute, oboe and harp. 3 (1923), Piano Sonata No. 15 (1914), Sonata No. It was complete in 1915. Thus, the four-movement layout was by this point standard for the string quartet, and overwhelmingly the most common for the symphony. For the final and sixth sonata, Debussy envisioned a concerto where the sonorities of the "various instruments" combine, with the gracious assistance of the double bass, making the instrumentation: The idea of combining the instruments oboe, horn, and harpsichord, inspired Thomas AdÃ¨s to write his Sonata da Caccia, and the combination of the instruments trumpet, clarinet, bassoon and piano, inspired Marc-AndrÃ© Dalbavie to write his Axiom. He dedicated it to Claude Debussy, who had died in 1918. 4 (1923), Sonata for Cello and Piano, Op. The premiere took place on 5 May 1917, the violin part played by Gaston Poulet, with Debussy himself at the piano. Although nearly half of Bach's 1,100 surviving compositions, arrangements, and transcriptions are instrumental works, only about 4% are sonatas (Newman 1972a, 266). (See, A closing movement was generally an Allegro or a Presto, often labeled, An allegro, which by this point was in what is called, Sonatas (2), for violin, viola da gamba, and basso continuo (c. 1695), Sonatas (6), for violin and basso continuo (1707), Piano Sonata No.1 Hob.XVI:8(Haydn)~Piano Sonata no.62 Hob.XVI:52(Haydn), Sonata No. This scheme, however, was not very clearly defined, until the works of Arcangelo Corelli when it became the essential sonata and persisted as a tradition of Italian violin music. Some common factors which were pointed to include: the shift of focus from vocal music to instrumental music; changes in performance practice, including the loss of the continuo (Rosen 1997, 196). Both the solo and trio sonatas of Vivaldi show parallels with the concerti he was writing at the same time.  However, Thompson (1968) reported a performance of the sonata at London's Aeolian Hall by Albert Fransella, Harry Waldo Warner and Miriam Timothy on 2 February 1917 as part of a concert otherwise given by the London String Quartet. 1, for cello and piano (1915) Sonata No. Sonata No. A cello sonata is usually a sonata written for solo cello with piano accompaniment. He dedicated it to Claude Debussy, who had died in 1918. They were admired for their great variety and invention. 40 (1917), Sonata No. Among works expressly labeled sonata for the piano, there are the three of Frédéric Chopin, those of Felix Mendelssohn, the three of Robert Schumann, Franz Liszt's Sonata in B Minor, and later the sonatas of Johannes Brahms and Sergei Rachmaninoff. The piece makes use of modes and whole-tone and pentatonic scales, as is typical of Debussy's style. Period: Romantic: Piece Style Romantic: Instrumentation cello and piano External Links Centre de documentation Claude Debussy Wikipedia article Cello Sonata - Scores at Sheet Music Plus MusicBrainz 2 on D minor, Op. The sonata idea begins before the term had taken on its present importance, along with the evolution of the Classical period's changing norms. Harmonia Mundi's ten-album series commemorating the centenary of Debussy's death continues with the Violin Sonata, Cello Sonata, and Sonata for Flute, Viola and Harp. The sonata for cello and piano was written in 1915, and is notable for its brevity, most performances not exceeding 11 minutes. From 1914, the composer, encouraged by the music publisher Jacques Durand, intended to write a set of six sonatas for various instruments, in homage to the French composers of the 18th century.